At the moment, in accordance with the Decree of the Mayor of Moscow dated 07.05.2020 No. 55-UM until May 31, 2020.the activity of:
restaurants, cafes, canteens, buffets, bars, snack bars and other catering establishments has been suspended, with the exception of takeaway service without visiting the premises of such enterprises by citizens, as well as delivery of orders;
beauty salons, beauty salons, spa salons, massage salons, tanning salons, baths, saunas and other facilities where such services are provided, providing for the full-time presence of a citizen, with the exception of services provided remotely, including with the condition of delivery.
All other organizations have the right not to restrict the implementation of their activities, however, for most organizations, until May 31, 2020, there is a restriction on visiting the territories where their activities are carried out.
In accordance with Presidential Decree No. 316 dated 11.05.2020 and Decree of the Mayor of Moscow dated 07.05.2020 No. 55-UM can continue to work as usual:
continuously operating organizations, organizations that have equipment designed for continuous technological process;
organizations that provide the population with food and essential goods, medical and pharmacy organizations, as well as those that produce relevant goods;
retail trade facilities where contracts are concluded for the provision of communication services and the sale of communication tools related to these services (including mobile phones, tablets), as well as medical and opto-ophthalmic products (equipment), pet supplies;
organizations that perform urgent work in an emergency situation and (or) when there is a threat of the spread of a disease that poses a danger to others, in other cases that endanger the life, health or normal living conditions of the population;
organizations that carry out urgent repair and loading and unloading operations;
organizations that provide financial services in terms of urgent functions (primarily settlement and payment services);
all construction and industrial enterprises in Moscow;
organizations working in the fields of forestry and logging, crop production and animal husbandry, fishing and fish farming;
organizations that carry out maintenance and repair of vehicles, trade in parts, assemblies and accessories to them;
organizations working in the wholesale trade.
At the same time, employers are obliged to take measures aimed at minimizing the full-time presence of persons ensuring the implementation of relevant activities (taking into account the specifics of the technological process), as well as compliance with the sanitary and epidemiological regime.
Rospotrebnadzor has published recommendations for various organizations to comply with sanitary safety during the gradual lifting of restrictions. The general recommendations for all include:
mandatory temperature control for employees;
providing them with masks, gloves, antiseptics;
maintaining social distance;
disinfection of premises and equipment.
In addition, organizations and individual entrepreneurs in Moscow, in respect of which a ban on their visits by citizens has not been established, are required to provide information:
on the number of employees who are and are not subject to transfer to a remote mode of work, and who have a non-working day with wages;
about the types of activities carried out and the place of its implementation (indicating the corresponding address code from the Federal Information Address System).
Organizations that have been banned from being visited by citizens can continue to work remotely. The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation recommends employers to organize the use of flexible working modes (letter of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation dated 23.04.2020 No. 14-2/10/P-3710), such as remote, remote and home-based. With a decrease in the volume of work due to the epidemic, in order to preserve jobs, it is advisable to apply a part-time regime.
At the same time, the employer has the right to grant the employee a vacation at his request, and if the vacation dates fell on the period of non-working days established by the President, the vacation for these days is not extended.
As for the announcement of downtime, Presidential Decree No. 316 of 11.05.2020 determined that in the event of a decision to suspend (restrict) the activities of individual organizations, regardless of the form of ownership, as well as individual entrepreneurs, employees of such organizations and persons working for individual entrepreneurs, wages are retained.
A simple one means stopping the activity with a decrease in the employee's salary. However, if the activity of the enterprise is not expected, the employer cannot declare a simple one, entailing a reduction in wages.