Initially, special economic measures prohibiting or restricting the import into the territory of the Russian Federation of certain types of agricultural products, raw materials and food, the country of origin of which are the United States of America, the countries of the European Union, Canada, Australia, the Kingdom of Norway, Ukraine, the Republic of Albania, Montenegro, the Republic of Iceland and the Principality of Liechtenstein, were adopted in August 2014 in response to the imposition of sanctions against Russia.
The following products are prohibited for import into the Russian Federation:
meat and edible offal of cattle, pigs and poultry;
fish and crustaceans;
milk and dairy products;
vegetables, fruits and nuts;
sausages and similar products from meat, meat offal or blood; prepared food products made on their basis;
food or finished products made according to cheese production technologies and containing 1.5 wt.% or more of milk fat;
salt (including table salt and denatured salt).
The exceptions are specialized food products for athletes' nutrition and products intended for baby food, pharmaceutical production, medicines, medical devices and biologically active additives.
At the same time, Decree No. 290 of June 24, 2019 amended some decrees, according to which, from July 1, 2019, the food embargo will not be applied when carrying out international transit road and rail transportation through the territory of the Russian Federation to third countries.
At the same time, the following conditions will have to be met:
ensuring the traceability of transportation using a control system that provides for the use of identification tools (seals) operating on the basis of the technology of the global navigation satellite system GLONASS;
availability of registration coupons for drivers of vehicles.